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On which day did the disciples worship? Believing is Doing, Faith is Action A Brief Historic Interview

Key translated terms

The "Old Testament"/Tenach was written in Hebrew and then translated into other languages.

The oldest existing manuscripts of the "New Testament"/Brit Hadashah are written in Greek but there is good reason to believe that the "New Testament" was also originally written in Hebrew. The fact is, the people of God were indeed Hebrew people, and their language was Hebrew so this belief does make logical sense, but at the time of our Messiah, the Hebrew people were living in Jerusalem, which was occupied and dominated by the Romans. There are Hebrew idioms seen in the New Testament that don't make any sense in the Greek language. This is another hint that the original books of the New Testament were written in Hebrew. See,

Knowing some of the terms the Hebrew people would have used, helps us get connected with the people of the Bible.

Hebrew Greek English
YHWH- (Yahweh) - the LORD
Elohim(mighty one) Theos God
El " God
Messiah (Christos)the term used for all Greek gods Christ- lord
Yeshua Iesous Jesus
Torah (the first five books) Pentateuch (pen'-te-took) God's Law
Keliet (an assembly) Ecclesia (called out ones) Believers-Church
Tanach (ten-ock')   Old Testament
Brit Hadashah   Greek writings /New Testament
Jerusalem/Zion   The Holy Land

A Brief Historic Overview

The Holy Bible is a history book for mankind, about mankind. ( It is His-story)

We cannot truly know who we are unless we realize where we've come from and where we're supposed to be going.

Unless we study the Holy Bible, we will not be able to find the direction the Creator has designed for us. The Holy Bible is a manual for living, given to us by the Father of all things, the Maker of our very lives.

The "Old Testament" scriptures, (otherwise known as the  Hebrew writings, the Torah, or the Tanach), are an account of the history of mankind and the Creator Yahweh's special chosen people, the Hebrew people, known as "Israel". The word Israel means, "prevailers with God". Everything in the "Old Testament" books revolves around these people. He chose them to be an example to all the other nations. Sadly, the people of ancient Israel failed to live by His standards but He still desires to have a chosen people, those who will follow His instructions and His commands faithfully. Anyone who follows Him will still be called by the name, Israel. Just as a tree can have a branch grafted in to the existing tree, so believers can be grafted in to the people called "Isreal". (Romans 11:13-32)

Remember, the problem between YHWH and the Israelites was not with the covenant He made with them, the problem was with the people themselves. YHWH still desires to have that same covenant with faithful people. (Heb.8:7-13, Jer. 31:31) He still desires to write His laws in their hearts and minds.

Key point!

Israel was originally the name of a people not a place.

When we read the "New Testament", we need to understand who the people are within those words. They are the same people the "Old Testament" spoke of. We need to remember too, that we actually are reading someone else's mail. The "New Testament" is a series of letters. It was not written for the purpose of establishing new doctrine (a held belief), the "Old Testament "already established the proper way to live. The "New Testament" should be looked at through the filter of the "Old Testament "and the "New Testament "should always uphold what was written in the "Old Testament"! The word "old" should not be used to mean "of no value". The Torah/Tanach should be the foundation of life for all who believe that the Bible is the word of God.

Maybe using the terms "first" and "second" in place of "old" and "new" can help us better understand the covenants.

The main reason for the "New Testament" is to confirm the words of the Tanach/OT and to prove that Yeshua (Jesus) was indeed the prophesied Messiah, the chosen One. It gives an account of His life and the lives of His talmadim/disciples (students) and it shows Yeshua's perfect obedience to His Father, YHWH.

The Holy Bible is a complete book and should be read as such. Some want to read only, or mostly, the "New Testament", namely many "Christians" of today, and some read only the "Old Testament", namely those of the "Jewish" religion, but the book is only fully understood when read as a whole.

When those of today's Christian faith concentrate only, or mainly, on the "New Testament", they are missing the foundation YHWH provided. It's like building the roof of a house before one lays the foundation or having a person come into a movie at the end of it. It doesn't work! The house would not stand and the person viewing the movie would have no clue as to who the characters are. They would have to make up the story for themselves, which is what many have done.

Today's mainstream Christians are misled when they don't take the time to study the history of the people they are reading about. They will not understand why certain things were said and done as they were because they don't understand the workings of the society they are reading about. Christians often forget, if they know it at all, that the people they read about in the "New Testament are mainly Jews, including the one they claim to follow. Yeshua, (Jesus) was not a Greek man! He was a Hebrew, A Jew!!

We also need to remember that the only scriptures that existed during Yeshua's time were the Old Testament scriptures (the Torah/ Tanach). There was no" New testament"- (Greek writings). Those books were written after His death and resurrection. So Yeshua lived by what was written in the Old Testament only! If we claim to follow Messiah then we too should live by the words of the Tenach. I John 2:6

The first five books of the Bible are called the the Law, which are the teachings/ instructions or the Torah. Then there are the prophets , those who spoke inspired words of Yahweh, and then the writings, such as Psalms and Proverbs. All of these books together are called the Tenach.

Let's take a look at what the Bible says about the past and what is to come in the future.

The Creator, Yahweh-(The Heavenly Father), made all things for mankind. Genesis 1:1-31, 2:1-7

He wanted a relationship with Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, and all of their descendants.

He was their Creator, Ruler and Provider. He had the authority to tell them how to live; what they should or should not do. He knew what was best for them because He created them and loved them.

Genesis 2:8-16,17. He told Adam not to eat of the tree of the Knowledge of good and evil.

Genesis 2:18- Then Eve was made.

Eve disobeyed the command of the Creator, showing Him that she wanted to do things her own way.

She listened to the "serpent", or the whisperer, rather than her Maker. Adam followed her in that disobedience. They both sinned, (disobeyed God).

Genesis 3:1-24- Things changed after that. Trouble began. This is how mankind was set on the course of sin= disobedience.

Genesis 3:7- They had no idea that there was any problem with being naked until sin entered the picture.

Genesis 3:8-21- Because of the first sin an animal had to die as a sacrifice. That animal literally covered their sin. This is symbolic of the sacrifice of our Messiah. His blood covers our sin. Every sacrifice made in the past pictured the ultimate sacrifice of the Messiah for the sins of mankind.
See- Hebrews9:21-22, Ephesians 1:3-7, 2:11-16, Colosians 1:12-20 + many others.

Gen. 6:5-8- from that time of Adam and Eve, man has chosen his own way.

Genesis7,8 - Yahweh brought the great flood because of the sin on the earth.

There have been some who pleased Yahweh.

Genesis 6:8,Genesis 7:18-22 Noah was one of the faithful.

Abram (whose name was later changed to Abraham = The father of many nations), found favor with Yahweh.
Genesis 12:1-4 He obeyed Yahweh's commands.

Abraham is also referred to as "the father of the faithful". He is the father of the Hebrew people.( His Father's name was Eber=Hebrew)

Genesis 17:1-7, 17:19- The Creator spoke to Abraham

Genesis 17:21,22- He would have a son Isaac

Yahweh would make nations of Abraham. These nations exist today!

Genesis 26:5,5- Abraham obeyed.

Genesis 25:19-28- Essau and Jacob were born to Isaac.

(Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are the "patriarchs" of the Hebrew people.)

Genesis 29:31-35, 30:1-24, 35:18- Jacob had twelve sons; Reuben, Simeon, Levi ,Judah, Zebulon, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, Benjamin.

Key point!

(Those known as the "Jews" today are from the tribe of Judah. They are the only tribe that is still recognizable today but the other tribes of Israel still exist. The people called "Israel" consist of all twelve of the tribes; therefore, the Jewish people are not all there is to the people called "Israel". The Jews are the only tribe that still knows who they are. The other tribes have lost their identity but regardless of that, they are still Israel!)

Genesis 32:28- Jacob's name was changed to "Israel" and all of his sons were called by that name too. They are "the twelve tribes of Israel".

Our Messiah came out of the tribe of Judah. He was a Jew, a Hebrew, and an Israelite. Matthew 1:1-16

Genesis 49:1-28- Jacob, or Israel, blessed all of his sons. Verses 8-10 show the scepter/kingship would stay with Judah. Out of Judah would come a KING. Yeshua!

Israel got into trouble because of their disobedience. They became slaves in Egypt. Eventually The Creator delivered them out of that bondage.

Exodus 6:7,8 The title "LORD" is substituted for the true name of the Father, Yod, Hey, Vov, Hey, YHWH, Yahweh, Yehovah. Names in Hebrew have meaning. Yahweh means "ever living one, strength or might". Yeshua means, "YHWH is salvation". Yeshua always pointed to the Father as the source of everything. (John 8:54-55, 14:10)

Exodus 20:1-17- The Ten Commandments were given as rules of life.

Exodus 34:1-28- shows in more detail what was on the tablets.

Exodus 35:1,2 Exodus 31:12-17- The Sabbath is a sign between Yahweh and His people.

Moses was the leader of Israel at this time.

Leviticus 11:1-47- foods He allows His people to eat.

Leviticus 23:1-44- These are MY feasts. (Though many "Jewish" people still keep these feasts today, they are not "Jewish" days. They were for all of Israel and were to be for all of mankind. The Feasts remind us of the plan of salvation YHWH is working out for all mankind.

Abraham's descendants were to be vast in number; as "the sand of the sea" and as "the stars of heaven". These tribes are on the earth today! Gen. 15:5, 32:12

If a stranger, outside of the people of Israel, wanted to join them, they had to adhere to the same laws as were given to Israel. They became as one of them. Anyone who wants to join Israel can become one of them! (Ex.12:19, 49, Lev.16:29, 17:12,15, 18:26, 19:33,34)

Exodus 12:48,49- The blood of the Passover Lamb pictured the future sacrifice of our Messiah. His blood was shed for our sins. Every year that the people of God kept the Passover they were rehearsing its fulfillment in the true "Lamb of God". When we keep the Passover now, we remember what He did for us. He delivered us from the slavery of sin and death. He paid the penalty that we deserve for breaking YHWH's Torah. He stood in our place and took the shame upon Himself. (Every Holy day of God has important teachings about the Messiah and YHWH's plan for mankind.)

How difficult it must have been for the Father to give His only son as a sacrifice for those who turned their backs on Him, living in disobedience. The Picture of Abraham obeying the command to sacrifice his son Isaac, (the son of promise), is a perfect reflection of the love YHWH our father has for us. How agonizing it would be for any of us to give our only child in place of a disobedient one, and yet this is what our Father did for us and Yeshua was willing to allow it and to take our place. (Gen.22)

Yahweh delivered His people out of the bondage of Egypt and after forty years wondering in the wilderness, (again because of their disobedience), He finally brought those under twenty years of age into the "promised land".

Another prominent figure in the scriptures is King David. King David is often seen as a parallel of the Messiah and in fact was a literal ancestor of Messiah. King David was called a "man after God's own heart." He was a faithful man and yet committed some very extreme sins. Acts 13:22

I Kings 12:17-20-  After some time there was a division of the tribes. The tribe of Judah, and part of Benjamin, was ruled by King Rehoboam, the son of King Solomon, and the other ten tribes were ruled by Jeroboam.

At this point the scriptures use the terms "house of Judah" and "house of Israel" to distinguish between the two. They were now fighting against each other. This shows the fact that the tribe of Judah is not all of Israel.

They went their separate ways.

I Kings 12:25-33- When it came time for all of Israel to keep the Holy Days in Jerusalem, King Jeroboam feared he would lose his position so he created HIS OWN day. (There is no Feast of Yahweh in the eighth month.)

Key point!

Jeroboam led the ten tribes away from their Creator.

I Kings 22:51-53- Eventually these ten tribes of Israel were taken into captivity because of their disobedience, and after time they lost their identity.

Jeremiah 3:12,13, Ezekiel 6:1-14, Joel 3:1-3 Today we see the result. The ten tribes have been scattered throughout the nations. Remember, Abraham's descendants would be as "the sand of the sea". There are lots and lots of Hebrew, Israelites out in the world who don't know who they are anymore.

The tribe of Judah also got into trouble but has kept much of the truth of the Torah. Because the Jews continued to keep Yahweh's Torah the world has labeled those Laws/instructions "Jewish", but that is not the truth, as we've seen. They are the Creator's instructions to all of mankind.

To be one of The Heavenly Father's people one must put himself under His reign. They must allow Him to be their Master!

When our Messiah came on the scene the only tribe left keeping the Torah was Judah, and those who joined them, taking on their name. The problem was that they added to what Yahweh had instructed. They made His Laws a burden. Messiah spoke against what they had done to the Torah but He never said not to keep the Torah, in fact He kept it perfectly. Matthew 5:17, 7:13. If He is our example and we are to walk just as He did, we should be striving to live that same lifestyle. I John 2:3-6.

Mark 7:7-9,13- They had no right to add or take away anything. Deuteronomy 4:2, 12:30, Revelation 22:18

I Peter 2:21,22-25, I John 2:3-7- Yeshua's whole purpose was to set things right; to show how life should be lived before the Creator. He is our example in all things. If we want to know how to live we can look at how He lived. He was perfect in His obedience to YHWH. Yeshua is our example in ALL things!

Yeshua even shows us what our destiny is by His resurrection. We too can look forward to that! Philipians 3:17-21, I Corinthians 15:20-26, 49-58,
I John 3:3

So in summary, we must remember that the Bible is a history book. It is very important to study it carefully and to understand who the people are within its pages. In order to truly know the Messiah we must understand His people. It is also very important to study the original meaning of the words to acquire the intended teaching. It has been found that translators of the "New Testament", who often had a Greek mindset, mistranslated words and put their own spin on things, even inserting their own doctrine. Because they had a lack of understanding about the Torah/Tenach, they missed what the original meaning was supposed to be.

Without knowledge of the Hebrew scripture one can be misled when reading the "New Testament".

Remember that the Messiah lived by the words of the Tenach. They are the foundation of knowledge. Those who truly follow Messiah will strive to live just as He did. I John 2:4-6

If you come to know the real Messiah, He will lead you to obedience and love for the One True God. (John 20:17)